LE CARNAVAL DES ANIMAUX SAINT SAENS

auto Carnival of the pets (Le carnaval des animaux) is a humorous musique suite du fourteen movements de the français Romantic composer camille Saint-Saëns.

Introduction

The Carnival du the Animals (Le carnaval des animaux) is a humorous musical suite de fourteen movements de the french Romantic composer camilla Saint-Saëns. Auto work to be written parce que le private performance by année ad hoc ensemble of two pianos and other instruments, and lasts around 25 minutes.

Vous lisez ce: Le carnaval des animaux saint saens

History

Following a disastrous apparence solo tour du Germany in 1885–86, Saint-Saëns withdrew venir a petit Austrian village, where he composed The Carnival du the Animals in February 1886. Cette is scored for two pianos, deux violins, viola, cello, doubs bass, flute (and piccolo), clarinet (C et B♭), glass harmonica, et xylophone.

From the beginning, Saint-Saëns regarded auto work as a piece du fun. Nous 9 February 1886 cette wrote à his publishers Durand in parisien that hey was composing a work à la the comes Shrove Tuesday, et confessing that cette knew cette should be working nous his third Symphony, but that this work was "such fun" ("...mais c'est si amusant!"). He had apparently intended to write the work à la his students at auto École Niedermeyer, cible it was tons performed at a private concert given passant par the cellist Charles Lebouc nous Shrove Tuesday, 9 march 1886.

A seconde (private) puissance was given on 2 April at the loger of Pauline Viardot with année audience including Franz Liszt, a friend de the composer, who had expressed a wish venir hear thé work. There were other private performances, typically parce que le the french mid-Lent fermé of Mi-Carême, but Saint-Saëns to be adamant that the work would certainly not be released in his lifetime, see it ont detracting indigenous his "serious" se réconcilier image. Hey relented only à la the renowned cello bataille The Swan, i beg your pardon forms the penultimate déménageur of thé work, et which was released in 1887 in an arrangement passant par the composent for cello and solo piano (the d’origine uses deux pianos).

Saint-Saëns go specify in his will that auto work must be published posthumously. Complying with his death in December 1921, auto work was published by Durand in paris in April 1922 et the first auditeur performance to be given nous 25 February 1922 par Concerts pilier (the orchestra de Édouard Colonne).

Carnival has due to the fact that become one de Saint-Saëns's best-known works, played by the original eleven instrumentalists, jaune more frequently with the full string section of année orchestra. Normally a glockenspiel substitutes à la the rare glass harmonica. Ever before popular with music teachers et young children, cette is regularly recorded in mix with Prokofiev's Peter et the Wolf or Britten's The jeune Person's manuel to thé Orchestra.

Movements

There are fourteen movements, each representing a different animal or animals:I Introduction et aller royale aux lion (Introduction and Royal March du the Lion)

Strings and two pianos: the présenter begins with auto pianos play a bolder tremolo, under which thé strings get in with a stately theme. Auto pianos play a pair of scales going in opposite direction to finish the sapin part ns the movement. Auto pianos then introduce a march template that they bring through most de the rest de the introduction. The strings provide auto melody, with the pianos occasionally taking low runs ns octaves which suggest auto roar ns a lion, or high ostinatos. Thé two teams of instrument switch places, with auto pianos play a higher, softer déditions of thé melody. The movement ends v a fortissimo remarque from tous the instruments used in this movement.

II Poules et coqs (Hens et Roosters)

Strings without cello et double bass, deux pianos, through clarinet: this movement is centered approximately a pecking design template played in thé pianos and strings, i m sorry is fairly reminiscent du chickens spread at grain. The clarinet plays petit solos above the rest of the players at intervals. Auto piano plays a an extremely fast template based nous the crowing of a rooster's penis a Doodle Doo.

III Hémiones (animaux véloces) (Wild Asses: Swift Animals)

Two pianos: the animals shown here are quite obviously running, année image induced passant par the constant, feverishly quick up-and-down motion ns both pianos play scales in octaves. These space dziggetai, asses the come indigenous Tibet and are known pour their great speed.

IV Tortues (Tortoises)

Strings et piano: a satirical déménageur which opens with a piano play a pulsing triplet personnage in the higher register. Thé strings play a slow-moving rendition ns the famed 'Galop infernal' (commonly called thé Can-can) indigenous Offenbach's operetta Orpheus in auto Underworld.

V L'éléphant (The Elephant)

Double bass et piano: this partie is significant Allegro pomposo, auto perfect caricature for année elephant. The piano dram a waltz-like triplet figure while thé bass hums auto melody beneath it. Like "Tortues," this is likewise a musique joke—the thematic material is take away from the Scherzo from Mendelssohn's incidental musique to A midsummer Night's Dream and Berlioz's "Dance du the Sylphs" native The Damnation of Faust. Thé two themes were both originally written parce que le high, lighter-toned instruments (flute et various est différent woodwinds, and violin, accordingly); the plaisanter is the Saint-Saëns move this to the lowest et heaviest-sounding dinstruments in thé orchestra, the doubs bass.

VI Kangourous (Kangaroos)

Two pianos: thé main figure here is a pattern de 'hopping' fifths preceded by grace notes. When thé fifths ascend, the la vitesse gradually speed up et the dynamics importer louder, and when thé fifths descend, the lallure gradually slows down and the dynamics get quieter.

VII Aquarium

Two violins, viola, cello (string quartet), two pianos, flute, et glass harmonica: this is one de the much more musically riche movements. The melody is played par the flute, backed par the strings, conditions météorologiques top du tumultuous, glissando-like runs in the piano. The life piano plays a descending ten-on-one ostinato, in thé style du the second ns Chopin's études, when the seconde plays a six-on-one. This figures, reconnaissance the sometimes glissando from auto glass harmonica—often played conditions météorologiques celesta jaune glockenspiel—are evocative du a peaceful, dimly-lit aquarium. According to britanique music reporter Fritz Spiegl, over there is a recording of the movement en vedette virtuoso harmonica joueur Tommy Reilly—apparently hey was hired par mistake instead de a player of the glass harmonica.

VIII Personnages jusqu’à longues oreilles (Characters with long Ears)

Two violins: this is the shortest of toutes les personnes the movements. The violins alternating playing high, according to notes et low, buzzing ones (in auto manner of a donkey's braying "hee-haw"). Music critics ont speculated that the movement is supposed to par rapport music critics à braying donkeys.

IX Le coucou au angot des bois (The Cuckoo in thé Depths ns the Woods)

Two pianos and clarinet: the pianos phat large, soft chords while auto clarinet theatre a simple two-note ostinato, over and over; a C and an A♭, mimicking the appel of a cuckoo bird. Saint-Saëns says in the d’origine score that thé clarinetist must be offstage.

X Volière (Aviary)

Strings, piano et flute: auto high strings take conditions météorologiques a elevator role, offering a buzz in auto background that is reminiscent ns the lift noise du a jungle. Auto cellos et basses phat a choose up cadence to lead into most ns the measures. Thé flute takes thé part de the bird, through a trilling vous ne faites pas that spans much ns its range. The pianos carry out occasional pings and trills ns other bird in thé background. The en mouvement ends very quietly after a long ascending chromatic range from the flute.

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XI Pianistes (Pianists)

Strings and two pianos: this movement is a glimpse du what few audiences ever comprendre to see: auto pianists practicing your scales. The scales du C, D♭, D and E♭ room covered. Each one starts v a trill nous the first and second note, then proceeds in scales with a few changes in the rhythm. Transitions in between keys are achieved with a blasting chord from toutes les personnes the instrument between scales. In part performances, thé later, much more difficult, scales room deliberately played progressively out de time. The original edition has a note passant par the editors instructing auto players to imitate beginners et their awkwardness. After thé four scales, the key changes back to C, where thé pianos jouer a moderate la vitesse trill-like pattern in thirds, in thé style of Charles-Louis Hanon or carel Czerny, while auto strings play a small marche underneath. This movement is inexplicable in that thé last three blasted chords à faire not resolve the piece, cible rather lead into the prochain movement.

XII Fossiles (Fossils)

Strings, two pianos, clarinet, and xylophone: here, Saint-Saëns mimics his own composition, auto Danse macabre, i beg your pardon makes heavy use of the xylophone to evoke the d’image of skeletons playing card games, the bones clacking ensemble to thé beat. The musique themes from Danse macabre are likewise quoted; the xylophone and the violin jouer much du the melody, alternate with auto piano et clarinet. The piano marche is especially daunting here—octaves the jump in rapid thirds. Allusions venir "Ah! vous dirai-je, Maman" (better known in auto English-speaking world ont Twinkle Twinkle au sens propre Star), the french nursery rhymes "Au clair ns la lune", and "J'ai du super tabac" (the piano plays auto same melody upside down), thé popular anthem Partant pour la Syrie, as well ont the aria Una voce poco fa indigenous Rossini's The barber of Seville can also be heard. The musical canular in this movement, according to Leonard Bernstein's signaler on his recording du the work with the nouveau York Philharmonic, is the the musical pieces quoted are the fossils ns Saint-Saëns's time.

XIII Le cygne (The Swan)

Main article: le cygne

Two pianos and cello: thé lushly romantic cello bataille (which evokes the swan elegantly gliding over thé water) is played over rippling sixteenths in one piano and rolled chords in the divers (said to represent the swan's feet, concealed from see beneath the water, propelling it along).

A staple of the cello repertoire, this is one ns the most famous movements de the suite, normally in the dépense for cello with solo piano which was thé only publication of this occupational in Saint-Saëns's lifetime. Much more than twenty other arrangements ns this movement ont also been published, v solo instrument ranging indigenous flute venir alto saxophone.

A brief ballet, The dice Swan, to be choreographed in 1905 by Mikhail Fokine à this movement et performed passant par Anna Pavlova. Pavlova gave some 4,000 performances de the dance et "swept thé world."

XIV Final (Finale)

Full ensemble: the finale opens conditions météorologiques the exact same tremolo notes in thé pianos oui in auto introduction, i beg your pardon are quickly reinforced passant par the wind instruments, auto glass harmonica and the xylophone. Thé strings construct the tension with a few court notes, leading venir glissandi passant par the piano, then a pause avant the lively henn melody is introduced. Thé Finale is somewhat reminiscent of an American carnival ns the 19th century, with one piano always maintaining a bouncy eighth-note rhythm. Although thé melody is relatively simple, the supporting harmonies are ornamented in the saint that is typical of Saint-Saëns' compositions pour piano; dazzling scales, glissandi et trills. Many du the previous movements are quoted below from auto introduction, the lion, thé asses, hens, et kangaroos. Thé work ends with a series ns six "Hee Haws" from the Jackasses, oui if à say that the Jackass has auto last laugh, avant the final strong coporation, groupe of C surtout chords.

Musical allusions

As auto title suggests, the work complies with a zoological program and progresses native the first movement, Introduction et marche royale aux lion, v portraits du elephants and donkeys ("Those with longue Ears") to a finale reprising many de the earlier motifs.

Several de the movements are of humorous intent:

Poules und coqs uses the theme ns Jean-Philippe Rameau's harpsichord pièce La poule ("The Hen") from his suite in G major, but in a quite much less elegant mood.Pianistes depicts piano student practicing scales.Tortues makes great use of the well-known "Galop infernal" indigenous Jacques Offenbach's operetta Orpheus in thé Underworld, playing auto usually breakneck-speed melody at a slow, drooping pace.L'éléphant provides a layout from hector Berlioz's "Danse des sylphes" (from his occupational The Damnation de Faust) played in a much lower register than usual oui a doubs bass solo. The pièce also quotes auto Scherzo from félix Mendelssohn's A milieu de lété Night's Dream. It is heard at thé end de the leg section.Fossiles price quotes Saint-Saëns' own Danse macabre ont well ont three nursery rhymes, "J'ai du amende tabac", "Ah! amie dirai-je, Maman" (Twinkle Twinkle précis Star) et "Au clair aux la lune", likewise the song "Partant convoque la Syrie" and Rossini's aria, "Una voce poco fa" indigenous The barber of Seville.The Personnages jusquà longues oreilles section is thought à be command at musique critics: they are additionally supposedly auto last animals heard during auto finale, braying.

Ogden Nash verses

In 1949, Ogden Nash wrote a set of humorous verses à accompany each movement pour a Columbia Masterworks recording of Carnival ns the Animals conducted par Andre Kostelanetz. They were recited on the original album by Noël Coward, called over or spliced in in between sections du the previously recorded music.

The poems are now often contained when the work is performed, though typically recited antérieur à each piece. The conclusion ns the verse à la the "Fossils", à la example, fits perfect with auto punchline-like life bar de the music:

At midnight in the musée hallThe fossils gathered à la a ballThere were ne sont pas drums jaune saxophones,But seulement the clatter du their bones,A rolling, rattling, carefree circusOf mammoth polkas et mazurkas.Pterodactyls et brontosaurusesSang ghostly ancient choruses.Amid the mastodontic wassailI caught thé eye ns one small fossil."Cheer up, sad world," hey said, et winked—"It's sort of drôle to it is in extinct."

A modern Menagerie

In 2014 thé English contemporary music hôte New musique in thé South ouest (NMSW) i was delegated a set de responses to auto 14 movements du Carnival de the Animals.

A num of auto composers have taught or studied musique at the University of Bristol, including john Pickard (current Professor ns Composition), Geoff Poole, nom de garçon Ellison, Julian Leeks et Manos Charalabopoulos. Two of the activities were composed by the finalists ns the NMSW young Composers’ prize 2014.

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The full list of movements is as follows:

Introduction et Lion’s royaliste March – Manos CharalabopoulosPoules rang coqs – sam Pradalie*Wild Asses – Andy KeenanTortoise – Julian LeeksElephant – Anna MeredithKangaroos (2) – blue jeans HasseAquarium: A Penguin in Istanbul – michael EllisonMyisi – Litha EfthymiouThe lumber Pigeon: presiding over auto entire garden – sarah GarrardVolière – Emily Potter†Fossils 2: Jurassic Tango – Geoffrey Poole(After) Pianists – Jean-Paul MetzgerThe Swan – Jolyon LaycockFinale: danse of thé Animals – homme Pickard† = winner NMSW young Composers’ prize 2014* = runner up

The Wiggles

In 2016, auto Wiggles released the Carnival du the Animals, its récit was written and performed by Simon Pryce. The albums was performed by the Adelaide Symphony Orchestra, et introduced children venir classical music and instruments.